4 Human Trafficking Myths Set Straight

So you’re probably reading this because you heard of a problem called human trafficking and you are interested in learning more about it. You probably know that in some countries immigrants are forced into labor and that women are forced into sex trafficking. Well, you are right – BUT human trafficking doesn’t end there. Many people have misconceptions about human trafficking, and others have no idea that human trafficking is happening here in the United States. A 2016 study by Vanessa Bouche et al. shows that when a community has correct knowledge about the prevalence and impact of human trafficking, then that community will show more concern and be better equipped to handle human trafficking and prostitution cases. With that, we hope that these myths vs. facts listed below will help you become more aware and better equipped to join us in the fight against human trafficking.


MYTH #1: Human trafficking is just another term for smuggling.

FACT:  Human trafficking and smuggling are not interchangeable. Human trafficking is about exploitation and uses force, fraud, and/or coercion. Smuggling is simply the act of illegal transportation.


MYTH #2: Human trafficking only happens to immigrants or peoples of other countries.

FACT: Human trafficking affects individuals in every country of all walks of life. Approximately 14,500-17,500 people are trafficked in the U.S. annually. To put it into perspective – in 2015, 47 cases of human trafficking were reported in Tennessee alone.


MYTH #3: Human trafficking always involves physical violence.

FACT:  Traffickers often use psychological abuse, threats, and fraud to force someone into trafficking. Even though violence plays a big part in trafficking, it may not always be present.


MYTH #4: If someone being trafficked wants to leave, they can just ask for help.

FACT: Many victims of human trafficking do not identify as victims, which makes it difficult for them to reach out for help. Other factors such as lack of trust in authorities, connection to traffickers, fear, self-blame, and lack of support contribute to why victims don’t “just leave.” It is important to remember there is never just one reason why someone is in a trafficking situation and cannot get out.


Curious for more myths vs. facts? Check out the resources below or subscribe to the CCAHT blog for new content every month! If you have any specific questions about a statistic you heard or something you saw in the news related to human trafficking, let us know at info@ccaht.org.



Trafficking Resource Center 

Identifying Effective Counter-Trafficking Programs and Practices in the U.S…. PDF